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Cancer Cases in India: Understanding the Wave and Prevention Strategies | Health Conditions News

According to the Global Cancer Observatory (GLOBOCAN), India ranks third after China and the US in cancer incidence. The Indian Council of Medical Research has seen an increase in cases of around 5 percent year on year and estimated a 5 to 10 percent increase every 2 to 3 years, which is quite prohibitive.

Cancer awareness is as essential as early detection and treatment for a patient (Photo credit: Pixabay)

New Delhi: India has one of the largest populations in the world. The mixed demographics are unique to our country, but pose a challenge for cancer care. Due to mixed culture and customs, various cancers occur in high numbers among specific populations. Each geographic area must be planned separately.

According to the Global Cancer Observatory (GLOBOCAN), India ranks third after China and the US in cancer incidence. GLOBOCAN also predicted an increase of almost 60 percent in the incidence of cancer in India between 2020 and 2040. The Indian Council of Medical Research has seen an increase in the number of cases of about 5 percent year on year and estimated an increase of 5 to 10 percent every two years. up to 3 years, which is quite prohibitive.

“Globally, approximately half of the cancer burden occurs in the age group 65+. In India this is only 1/3rd. We are a young population and as our population ages, we expect this trend to be similar. The incidence of cancer is increasing in India. Among women, breast cancer is the most common form of cancer, followed by female reproductive organs: the cervix, ovary and uterus. Lung and oral malignancies are common in men. Both are related to tobacco consumption,” says Dr. Karthik KS, Consultant Surgical Oncology, KMC Hospital, Mangalore.

Breast cancer is increasing exponentially

The rising number of breast cancer cases in younger affected ladies in their thirties and forties is a matter of concern in India. Breast cancer is screen detectable. The basic pillar of any screening is awareness. A ‘Breast Conscious’ patient may be advised for screening. 35 to 70 years old should undergo screening counseling. The patient for screening is determined based on age and risk. Patients at a younger age will benefit from sono-mammograms; the elderly need a mammogram within a year or every six months.

Carcinoma of the cervix is ​​another screen-detectable cancer. A woman in the reproductive age group or sexually active persons should request a Pap smear from their gynecologist. They should also discuss the relevance and timing of the screening.

Screening for oral cancer and lung cancer applies to high-risk individuals who use tobacco. Oral hygiene should be observed and any type of ulceration should raise the suspicion of cancer.

Socio-economic heterogeneity is a challenge in India, where cancer rates are increasing. In India, a younger population is affected, which brings further problems at a delayed stage. Awareness and screening can bridge the gap. Picking up patients at an early stage can promise a better outcome and reduce the financial burden on society.

Cancer prevention in India

Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act 2003 or the COTPA 2003 is a turning point in Indian cancer prevention. It has been improved with changes in a timely manner. It’s been almost twenty years and it’s almost time we start seeing results. Vaccination against cancer-causing viruses – Hepatitis B and HPV is a very strong preventive strategy. This strategy can prevent significant amounts of liver and cervical cancer.

“In India, a large proportion of patients are detected at advanced stages III and IV, reducing cancer survival. Screening is a practice to detect cancer at a very early or preclinical stage. Detection of cancer at early stages I and II improves outcome. Such treatment would be cost-effective, less morbid and cosmetically attractive. It will also provide a good quality of life for the patient. Screening in simple terms is early detection and screening,” the expert added.